Activity Preview


Anticoagulation for AF in 2018: Current Status and Unresolved Issues

Activity Type:

  • On-Demand

Release Date: 9/15/2018

Expiration Date: 9/15/2019

  • CME: 1.75
  • Participation - no CE credit: 1.75


Anticoagulation for AF in 2018: Current Status and Unresolved Issues

This mini-course provides six presentations that address the physicians understanding of all the benefits and limitations of available anticoagulants for the treatment of Atrial Fibrillation.  


Learning Objectives

  • To explain how to prescribe anticoagulants appropriately in AF patients.

  • To identify appropriate patients for anticoagulation

  • To outline the best strategy for anticoagulation in patients undergoing CIED implant or AF ablation

  • To recognize the problems with DOAC underdosing and overdosing.

Target Audience

  • Physician

  • Electrophysiology Fellow

  • Cardiology Fellow

  • Physician Assistant



Joris R. de Groot, MD, PhD
Academic Medical Center
Amsterdam, Netherlands

Cynthia M. Tracy, MD
George Washington Univ Medical Center
Dept of Cardiology
Washington, DC

Benjamin A. Steinberg, MD, MHS, FHRS
University of Utah Cardiovascular Division
Sandy, UT

Mintu P. Turakhia, MD, MS
Stanford University / Palo Alto VA
Palo Alto, CA

David H. Birnie, MD
Ottawa Heart Institute
Ottawa, ON, Canada

Richard J. Kovacs
Indiana University, IN



Planners –

Michael D. Ezekowitz, MD, PhD
Compensation for Services; Bayer HealthCare, LLC, Boehringer Ingelheim, Portola Pharmaceuticals Inc., Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Johnson and Johnson, Daiichi, Pfizer, Inc., Bristol Meyers Squibb.
Research Grants; Pfizer, Inc., Boehringer Ingelheim.

Gerald V. Naccarelli, MD, FHRS
Compensation for Services; OMEICOS Therapeutics, Sanofi Aventis, Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp., Glaxo Smith Kline Pharmaceuticals (GSK), Janssen Pharmaceuticals.
Research Grants; Janssen Pharmaceuticals

Faculty –

Joris R. de Groot, MD, PhD
Compensation for Services; Bristol Meyers Squibb, St. Jude Medical, Bristol Meyers Squibb, AtriCure, Inc., Daiichi.
Research Grants; AtriCure, Inc., St. Jude Medical

Cynthia M. Tracy, MD
Nothing to Disclose

Benjamin A. Steinberg, MD, MHS, FHRS
Compensation for Services; Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Bristol Meyers Squibb.
Speaker's Bureau; Biosense Webster, Inc.
Research Grants; Boston Scientific Corp., Abbott Laboratories

Mintu P. Turakhia, MD, MS
Compensation for Services; Medtronic, Inc., Abbott, Cardiva Medical
Equity Interests/Stock Options – Non-Public; AliveCor, iBeat Inc.
Research Grants; American Heart Association, Apple, Inc., Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Cardiva Medical, Astra Zeneca Pharmaceuticals, Bristol Meyers Squibb.

David H. Birnie, MD
Research Grants; Boehringer Ingelheim, Medtronic, Inc., Bayer / Schering Pharma, Biotronik.
Fellowship Support; St. Jude Medical, Biosense Webster, Inc., Medtronic, Inc.

Richard J. Kovacs
Compensation for Services; Jazz Pharmaceuticals, Eli Lilly, Cook Medical, Inc.
Research Grants; SIEMENS

Staff –
Chloe Thomas – None

Russell Werlinich, CMP - None


This enduring material supported in part by an unrestricted educational grant provided by Bristol-Myers Squibb and Pfizer Alliance.

CME Information

The Heart Rhythm Society is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

The Heart Rhythm Society designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1.75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™.
Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

The AMA has determined that physicians not licensed in the United States who participate in this CME activity are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™.

A Certificate of Participation (for non-physicians) will be provided to individuals seeking credit from the following organizations which accept AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Note that participants are advised to contact their certifying body for specific information regarding credit submissions:

  • American Academy of Family Practice (AAFP) for elective credit
  • American Academy of Nurse Practitioners Certification Board (AANPCB)
  • American Academy of Physician Assistants (AAPA)
  • American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC)
  • American Osteopathic Association (AOA) for Category 2 credit
  • European Board of Accreditation in Cardiology (EBAC)
  • European CME Credits (ECMEC)


It is the policy of the Heart Rhythm Society to ensure balance, independent objectivity, and scientific rigor in all its certified educational activities. Everyone involved in the planning and participation of continuing medical education activities is required to disclose any real or apparent conflicts of interest related to the content in his/her presentation(s) and also disclose discussions of unlabeled/unapproved uses of drugs or devices during his/her presentation(s). Detailed disclosure information will be available prior to the activity and in the activity slides.

Content Development and Validation

All Heart Rhythm Society content--from objectives to content development, evaluation and measuring outcomes--is developed in compliance with ACCME guidelines. The Society’s education content is developed by expert physicians and vetted through the Education Committee to ensure alignment with organization strategic goals and that content is appropriate. Content is then reviewed by the CME Subcommittee to ensure quality and balance. HRS deploys a standard content validation form that must be signed by reviewers that states the content has been reviewed and approved.


Heart Rhythm Society takes steps to assure its learners and the public that the content of certified activities is accurate and reliable. The following principles are applied to the process of validating CME content. The content is peer- reviewed to ensure the following:

  • Fair Balance - that content is balanced among various options available for treatment and not biased toward a particular product or manufacturer.
  • Patient Treatment Recommendations - that patient treatment recommendations contained in the content are evidence-based, are appropriate for the target audience, and that the patient treatment recommendations contribute to overall improvement in patient care.
  • Scientific Validity - that scientific studies cited in the activity conform to standards accepted by the scientific community.
  • Learning Objectives - that the educational content supports the learning objectives of the activity, and that the objectives stated for performance-in-practice are actionable and measurable.
  • Omission and Commission - are there any studies, data, or best evidence that is missing?

CME Mission Statement

The Heart Rhythm Society CME Mission provides a framework for guiding and conducting the organization’s CME program and its educational activities. The CME Mission is clearly aligned with the Organizational Mission. The CME Mission Statement consists of six essential elements: purpose, scope, target audience, content, types of activities, and expected results. The purpose and scope of the Heart Rhythm Society CME Mission is to provide academically rigorous learning through the use of innovative teaching methods and advanced technologies that will enhance the ability of heart rhythm specialists worldwide to provide excellent patient care throughout their careers. The target audience is primarily heart rhythm physician specialists, but also includes scientists and other healthcare professionals who are dedicated to the study and management of heart rhythm disorders. The content covers any topic that addresses disturbances of the heart's rhythm or electrical activation, including the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of bradyarrhythmias, tachyarrhythmias, sudden death, and cardiac dysfunction associated with electrophysiologic abnormalities. Emphasis will be placed on education designed to improve quality of life and survival for patients.

To accomplish the CME Mission, the Heart Rhythm Society currently develops the following types of educational activities:

  • Educational courses and symposia, including didactic presentations, interactive computer sessions and workshops;
  • Enduring materials, including audiotapes, CD-ROMs, and Webcasts;
  • Activities, such as those listed above, developed through collaboration with other medical organizations, in compliance with the ACCME Essentials and Standards

Expected results include improved knowledge and understanding resulting in improvements in health care provider competence, performance, or patient outcomes. Whenever possible, educational activities will be designed to address gaps in performance as compared to accepted performance measures or benchmarks determined by expert consensus and based upon scientific evidence. Evaluation of changes in behavior as a result of educational interventions will help guide future initiatives.


Allegations of conflict of interest and bias are taken seriously and are investigated by the Ethics Oversight Committee, Scientific Sessions Program Committee and/or the Education Committee. Your complaint will be referred to the appropriate committee, and you will be informed in writing of the outcome of its review and decision. Submit a confidential complaint by completing the form at  or submit an email message to


Access Activity